The Last to Surrender

Today in History, June 23, 1865:

The last Confederate General surrenders to Union authorities. Cherokee Chief and Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie surrendered his Cherokee Rifles Cavalry Brigade at Ft. Towson in Oklahoma Territory.

Watie had a checkered past…he was one of the Cherokees that voted for the law that moved the tribe to the Oklahoma Territory, and part of his family was assassinated as a result. He competed with Chief John Ross for the leadership of the tribe…Watie was a slave owner, Ross was a Union sympathizer. Watie and his unit were important in the Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas also.

Ernie Shore Runs the Table


Today in History, June 23: 1917 – “A perfect game”, or technically a no-hitter for Ernie Shore of the Boston Red Sox. What an exciting game it must have been!

The Red Sox faced off against the Washington Senators that day at Fenway Park. Shore wasn’t supposed to pitch, Babe Ruth was pitching. One Senator managed a run to base before Ruth’s famous temper got him into a shouting match with Umpire Brick Owens. Both refused to back down, and Owens threw Ruth out of the game. Ruth punched the umpire before being removed from the field. 

An exciting game already, right?  Now Ernie Shore was brought in to pitch. He hadn’t had much of a warm-up, having expected to be a spectator. 

With a new pitcher in the game, the base runner attempted to steal…but Ernie quickly “threw” him out. 

Shore then proceeded to deny the remaining 26 Senators a single run to base. The Red Sox were victorious, 4-0.  It was considered a “perfect game” for years, eventually officially changed to a no-hitter since Shore didn’t pitch to that first batter. 

Ernie Shore would miss the 1918 season because he signed up to go “Over There” during WWI. 

After finishing his Baseball career with the Yankees, Shore would serve for several years as the Sheriff of Forsyth County, North Carolina.