In 1898 the Supreme Court had ruled in Plessy v Ferguson that keeping blacks people and white people separate on railroad cars was constitutional, as “separate but equal” did not violate the 14th Amendment.
This was quickly perverted to all public facilities being segregated.
In the 1954 Decision of Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas the Supreme Court Ruled that 3rd grader Linda Brown could attend a white school, and that segregation was illegal.
Future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall led the team that won the case.
“…Law alone cannot make men see right…”. In the early morning hours Civil rights activist Medger Evers is assassinated by a rifle shot in the driveway of his Jackson, Mississippi home.
Evers was a WWII veteran, having served in the European theater. When he returned home he attended college and in the fifties became involved in the civil rights movement.
Just hours before his death, President John F. Kennedy had given a moving speech calling for civil rights legislation. Whether you grew up in the sixties like my peers and I did, or were an adult then, or are too young to remember, take 6 minutes to watch this video. Be thankful for the rights we all experience now; and for brave men like these. A little 5 months later, JFK would share Medgers fate.
The Little Rock Nine and historic connections. In 1954 the Supreme Court decided in Brown vs Board of Education that desegregation of public schools was the law of the land. In 1957 one of the first tests of the law began when 9 African-American students were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas.
Local police escorted them at first, but their task was soon overwhelming as over 1,000 angry whites protested the students. The Arkansas Governor supported the protestors. But the odds were stacked against him. Not only was righteousness inevitable, but he and the protestors were soon up against President Dwight Eisenhower, who activated 1,200 men of the US Army 101st Airborne Division to provide security, escort the students and keep the peace in Little Rock. Eisenhower also FEDERALIZED the 10,000 soldiers of the Arkansas National Guard, taking them out of the control of the Arkansas governor and putting them to work keeping the peace at the school for the remainder of the school year.
The Historic connections? What chance did racism have when confronted by the General whose command had defeated Hitler and the Nazis during WWII and the soldiers of the Airborne unit that dropped into Normandy on D-Day, then fought their way across Europe? (See the photo of Eisenhower addressing the 101st before they flew into history). With only 13 years between the two events, could some of the men who fought tyranny at D-Day been there at Little Rock protecting those brave children? The Civil Rights movement was well on it’s way. I love History.